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Le Gabon

PRESENTATION

Central African countries, Gabon is a jewel of nature. This is one of the "most intact parts of the planet" according to National Geographic. With 13 national parks, Gabon is an ecological treasure.

Country with many strengths, it is committed to the voice of the emergence with 3 main areas of development are enhancement of the natural heritage and ecotourism promotion of industry and investment and development of the tertiary sector, services and infrastructure. Gabon happens to be a destination of choice.

GABON THE FACTS

Geography and Population

Gabon, is a country in Central Africa, located west of equatorial Africa, crossed by the equator whose population is 1,534,300 inhabitants (2011) for an area of 267 667 km2.

Border with the Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon, it is a land of forests (forests cover about 80 % of the country ) where the fauna and flora ( no less than 13 national parks ) are still going strong preserved and rich exceptional endemic species.

Its climate is equatorial, that is to say, hot and humid, with alternating dry season and rainy seasons during the year.

We distinguish three types of geographical environment: the coastal plains (wide 20 to 300 km), the mountains (Crystal Mountains northeast of Libreville, the Chaillu Massif central , peaking at 1020 meters on Mount Milondo ) and plateaus.

The country has over 800 km of coastline on the Atlantic Ocean and the largest river, the Ogooué, along 1200 km . The rivers have historically been the primary means of communication with the interior of the country. To move, aviation and roads, modern but still limited, now take precedence.

Gabon has more than fifty ethnic groups among which counts the majority Fang, Punu the Nzébis the Obambas the Kinabalu, the Guissir the Myéné the Teke. Culturally, some are caused to melt gradually in larger ethnic groups and lose their language and their peculiarities.

HISTORY AND ADMINISTRATION

A former French colony, Gabon is independent since 17 August 1960, and with a democratic regime since 1990. The first President of the Gabonese Republic was Leo M'BA. President Omar Bongo Ondimba, who succeeded him in 1967, remained in power until his death in 2009. On 3 September 2009, Ali Bongo became the third and current President of Gabon.

Gabon is administratively divided into nine provinces under the authority of governors. These provinces are divided into departments or districts, headed by prefects.

ECONOMY

Gabon is a country rich subsoil . Exports include manganese, oil, gas , and wood. The exploitation of uranium mines Mounana located 90 km from Franceville , was discontinued in 1999 due to the depletion of the deposit.

The revival of uranium mining is relevant today . The railroad " Libreville -Franceville ," which runs through five provinces allows , from the 80s to transport manganese and uranium located in the southeast of the country ( Upper Ogooué ) .

With a per capita GDP of 9 619 USD in 2013 , Gabon is well above the average of its neighbors , except Equatorial Guinea and is classified by international institutions as a middle-income country .

Gabon's economy is mainly based on raw materials , mainly oil . In 2013 , the oil weight is 43.5 % of GDP and 83% of export earnings. The three major producers , Shell , Total and Perenco for 75 % of production .

After reaching a low in 2006, oil production in Gabon has stabilized thanks to investments in marginal fields , made possible by the high oil prices. Since 2012 , production of about 230,000 b / d , decreases inexorably.

Apart from a gold production remains marginal but promising (1 tonne mined in 2012) , the main mineral resource exploited remains manganese, operated by Comilog ( Eramet subsidiary ) and a Chinese company. Manganese production generates 5% of GDP and 10% of exports, with production up 23 % in 2013 to 3.7 million tonnes.

The forest industry accounts for 1% of GDP in 2013. Log exports have been banned since May 15, 2010, resulting in a significant drop in revenue from this sector. The sector suffers from insufficient competitiveness with neighboring countries.

Driven by the global crisis in 2008, a recession was temporarily observed in 2009 (-1.1%) , which affected especially two key sectors of the economy of Gabon (wood and manganese industry) while the temporary fall in oil and the death of Omar Bongo raised fears difficulties. But the recovery was the appointment in 2010 , with growth of 6.4% and 5 % in 2013 , according to estimates BEAC and a 5.1% growth in 2014.

The inflation rate content to 1.2% in 2011, increased to 2.8% in 2012 (source BEAC) and according to the HICP index would reach 3.3% in 2013 , despite the blocking of price imposed in May 2013 on 166 basic consumer products. In 2014, inflation was 4.7 should, according to estimates by the French Insurance Company for Foreign Trade (COFACE) , being 2.7% in 2015 .

Tourism, under the exceptional potential of Gabon, should become in the years a leading sector of the economy.

PRATICAL INFOS

Official language: français 
Monnaie : le Franc cfa (1 euros = 655 F cfa)
Local hour UTC/GMT + 1 heure (pas de changement d’heure)
Capital: Libreville

1. FORMALITIES HEALTH

Tips for traveling to Gabon Before departure

Consult your physician and subscribe to an insurance covering medical expenses and repatriation

The main health risks

Prevention of diseases transmitted by insect bites :

Malaria : This parasitic disease transmitted by mosquitoes requires the use of personal protective measures (sprays , creams, electric diffusers , mosquito nets ... ) . To these measures may add a medication tailored to each individual. Vaccinations : Vaccination against yellow fever is mandatory ( to practice in an approved center ) . The update of vaccination diphtheria-tetanus- polio recommended..

CENTRE HEALTH AND CARE
PUBLICS
• CHUL 
Centre-ville
Libreville
TEL : (00241) 01 72 32 15 - 01 76 30 17
• CHU
Angondjé
Libreville
TEL : (00241) 01 45 90 00
• HOPITAL D'INSTRUCTION DES ARMEES OBO
Libreville
TEL : (00241) 1466 - 01 79 00 00
• INSTITUT DE CANCEROLOGIE
Angondjé
Libreville
TEL : (00241) 02 06 65 55 - 04 35 85 35
• HOPITAL PAUL IGAMBA
Port-Gentil
TEL : (00241) 01 55 33 58 - 59 60 61 62
• HOPITAL REGIONAL DE TCHENGUE
Port-Gentil
TEL : (00241) 01 55 23 33 - 01 55 23 81

Numéros utiles :

CENTRE HEALTH AND CARE
PRIVATE
• CLINIQUE AMIEL 
Quartier Acae, entre carrefour Acae et Pont Nomba
Libreville
TEL : (+241) 01 70 58 01
B.P. : 9690
• CLINIQUE DES CINQ PALMIERS
Près du stade
Libreville
TEL : (+241) 01 74 31 40
B.P. : 869
• CLINIQUE MEDICO-CHIRURGICALE «MIA»
Quartier Plaine Niger
Libreville
TEL : (+241) 01 77 25 45
B.P. : 704
E-mail : cliniquemia@yahoo.fr
• FONDATION JEAN FRANCOIS ONDO
Cité Damas
Libreville
TEL : 01 74 30 91
B.P. : 2717
• POLYCLINIQUE BIYOGHE
Montagne Sainte
Libreville
TEL : (+241) 01 74 29 62 /63/64
B.P. : 3925
• POLYCLINIQUE CHAMBRIER
Montagne Sainte
Libreville
TEL : (+241) 01 76 14 68
PORTABLE : (+241) 05 04 61 66
B.P. : 2230
E-mail : sogehoclinique@yahoo.fr
• POLYCLINIQUE EL-RAPHA 
Libreville
TEL : (+241) 05 11 80 95
PORTABLE : 06 82 78 51 - 07 98 66 60
• SOS MEDECINS Sotéga
Libreville
TEL : (+241) 01 74 08 80 - 01 74 08 88 - 01 74 74 74
• UNION MEDICALE Ancienne Sobraga
Libreville
TEL : (+241) 01 73 70 85
• CLINIQUE AYILE Quartier Roger Buttin
Port-Gentil
PORTABLE : 07 39 03 93
B.P. : 1986
• CLINIQUE DES ASSALAS 
A côté du Cadastre, route de la Sobraga
Port-Gentil
TEL : (+241) 01 56 98 62/63/64 urgences : 07 87 25 59
PORTABLE : 07 69 17 35
B.P. : 2357
• CLINIQUE DU LITTORAL
Carrefour des Douanes
Port-Gentil
TEL : (+241) 01 56 50 13 - 01 52 88 06
B.P. : 1284
• POLYCLINIQUE ST PIERRE
B.P. 1356 Port-Gentil
Port-Gentil
TEL : (+241) 55 18 56
• POLYCLINIQUE BILIE
Centre-ville
Port-Gentil
TEL : (+241) 01 55 19 11
B.P. : 713

2. RED TAPE

The entrance in Gabon is subject to a visa requirement.

  • Two options are available :
  • obtaining a visa in the country of origin ( contact the embassy or consulate of Gabon );
  • the issuance of a visa locally after obtaining an entry permit.

Business travel case in Gabon 
For stays of less than three months, the businessmen are exempted from authorization if a travel agency licensed in Gabon organized the stay. 
However, they must justify the nature of their presence on Gabonese soil and / or present the contacts encountered during their stay.

For stays longer than three months

In all cases , an entry permit for an indefinite period be required. A visa obtained on site, unlike a visa issued in the country of origin, facilitates obtaining a residence permit and can be extended.

For more information, see also the site of the Directorate General of Documentation and Immigration (www.dgdi.ga)

3. ACCOMMODATION / CATERING

Hosting solutions and restoration abound in Gabon.

Many specialized sites and tourist agencies and / or trips will bring you all the elements necessary for the organization of your trip.

LIENS UTILES

Le Site de la Direction Générale de la Documentation et de l’Immigration www.dgdi.ga

Le site de référence en matière d’adresses aussi bien pour le publique que pour le privé. www.lepratiquedugabon.com

• Actualités sur le Gabon

Agence Gabonaise de Presse www.agpgabon.ga 
Gabon Magazine www.gabonmagazine.com/FR-index.html
Gaboneco www.gaboneco.com
Gabonews www.gabonews.ga
Infos Plus Gabon www.infosplusgabon.com
Internet Gabon www.internetgabon.com
Gabonreview www.gabonreview.com
Gabon actu www.gabonactu.com
Gabon infos www.gabon-infos.com
Gabon tribune www.gabontribune.com